Effectively installing an ozone generator is critical for water treatment. Incorrectly installing or balancing the overall water treatment system can result in poor results or costly expenditures. The first step in ensuring the quality of your ozone generator system is to understand how it all works.
The balance between ozone and oxygen is of primary importance when discussing concentration. The less ozone used in the process, the more oxygen that will be required and vice versa. The production of oxygen is what can cause energy costs to skyrocket; therefore, higher levels of ozone are necessary for efficient water treatment. Concentrations are usually expressed in g/Nm3, which is even more commonly expressed as % wt. Most experts, for instance, recommend a concentration above 13% wt. when creating an effective water treatment system.
The more surface area that can be created between the ozone gas and the water, the better and more effective the water treatment will be. As a result, the smaller the bubbles, the greater the surface area. Imagine a pool with one big bubble versus a bunch of little ones. The total surface areas of the combined little bubbles will be much greater. This dilution of the gas bubbles can be achieved in many ways; however, a static mixing process is often the most effective and efficient.
Once the ozone has bonded with any contaminants such as iron, sulfur, or manganese, the ozone (O3) will convert to oxygen (O2) and an oxygen radical (O1), which are both harmless and natural byproducts in the water. The now-harmless contaminants can then be filtered out. The entire process cleans and purifies the water in a way that is efficient, cost-effective, and safe as long as you use the correct balance of ozone and oxygen in your purification process.