Plastics virtually dominate the list of products used in today’s society. Categorically, plastics are petrochemical derivatives that have been precisely mixed to form long chain molecules of the desired product. In short, simpler organic compounds known as monomers undergo rearrangement and join together into polymers—plastic. This is called polymerization and is the procedure whether producing bowling balls or car fenders. Between one and 20 different monomers are mixed variously to produce our vast array of plastic products. Not only is there little limit to the length of some chains, but plastics can also result from cross-linked formations.
Polymerization involves making use of the double carbon bonds common in many organic compounds so the molecular conglomerations can be produced. For example ethylene, a two-carbon substance that is a liquid at normal room temperatures becomes polyethylene, commonly associated with water lines and pipes. Further, plastics fall into two groupings: 1) thermoplastics that become soft and pliable when heated such as polyethylene, and 2) thermosetting plastics (i.e., ebonite) that cannot be reverted to their pre-molded shape.
Polymerization calls for mixing whether it is simple hydration or slurries that require prescriptive amounts of agitation in thermally-controlled environments. Again depending on the desired outcome, the process of accurate mixing results in necessary proportional quantities has become integral to the science of polymerization. Often too, manufacturing plastics calls for extraneous chemical injections and thermal control devices to complete the process.
Komax Systems, Inc. produces a complete line of products to fit a multitude of needs and situations. Their Ultra Mixer initially disperses the raw materials to accept later-line additives such as colorants, and their Thermal Equalization and Distribution Device provides important temperature consistency as the suspension leaves the extruder. Additionally, Komax technicians offer their expertise to specifically fit the needs of their customers.